The department has numerous home-built electrochemical set-ups (H- and flow-cell types) to investigate electrochemical reactions. These systems are often coupled to other analytical techniques, such as gas chromatography, for in situ or operando measurements. Below is a description of some of the equipment available.

Online Electrochemical Systems

Electrochemical setup designed to identify and quantify the gaseous products during a reaction in real time. Our current online electrochemical systems for product analysis integrate electrochemical cells and product analysis equipment including gas chromatographs.


  • Multiple models of potentiostats with multiple channel detection and booster options are available. Versatile software for data analysis.
    • Metrohm Autolab PGSTAT302N
    • BioLogic SP-300


Differential Electrochemical Mass Spectrometry (DEMS) combines electrochemical cell experimentation with mass spectrometry.

  • Hiden Analytical HPR-40

Gas Chromatography

Gas and liquid chromatography (GC) devices with different analyte detectors are available:

  • Agilent 7890A for gaseous product analysis.
  • Liquid GC, Schimadzu GC-2010 Plus with auto-sampler attachment for liquid product analysis.

Both are equipped with thermal Conductivity Detector (TCD) and Flame Ionisation (FID) Detectors.


High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) for separating, identifying, and quantifying components in electrochemistry.

Electron and Optical Spectroscopy, and Diffraction Methods

Electron Spectroscopy
Electron spectroscopy anaylses the electron energies emitted from a sample to provide surface-sensitive chemical and physical information. This section provides further details on the instrumentation available at the ISC. more
Spectroscopy & Diffraction Methods
Our laboratories are equipped with instruments capable of observing chemical reactions under ultra high vacuum (UHV), atmospheric pressure, and electrochemical conditions. more

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