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Researchers of our Department of Physical Chemistry (Maklar et al.) investigated in a combined experimental and theoretical study how a dynamical insulator-to-metal transition affects fundamental interactions, such as electron-electron and electron-phonon scattering. The research results are just published in the Physical Review Letter 128, 026406. more

CO2 is a critical pollutant of the atmosphere with noticeable climatic consequences. However, routes already exist to convert CO2 into useful chemicals or fuels. The key is catalysis – a process of accelerating desired chemical reactions, involving special materials (catalysts).
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A team of researchers from the Department of Interfacial Sciences has discovered how changes in the structure of copper catalyst particles during electrochemical CO2 reduction affect their catalytic performance. This should lead to the development of new catalysts that convert the greenhouse gas CO2 into useful chemicals.
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In 2021, two Professors of the Fritz Haber Institute are among the 0.1 % most cited scientists worldwide, top 1% by citations for field and year in the Web of Science.
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FHI researchers have developed a new analysis method "ARISE" for materials based on the use of artificial intelligence. Today, the research report by Andreas Leitherer, Angelo Ziletti and Luca M. Ghiringhelli is published in the journal Nature Communications.
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A tailored artificial intelligence approach can be applied to model catalysis. It highlights the underlying physicochemical processes, and accelerates catalyst design. more

 Water as metal

July 29, 2021

Under normal conditions, pure water is almost an electrical insulator. Water would only become metallic under extreme pressures, such as found in the interior of very large planets or stars. Now an international collaboration has succeeded to create a metallic state of water using a completely different approach. more

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