Room: Seminar Room

Bridging scales from surface science to atmospheric chemistry and climate

Joint Seminar of AC and Theory
The development of ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy has from the beginning been motivated and justified by the context of atmospheric sciences, apart from other areas of fundamental and applied surface science. This has come in parallel with the recognition of important surface catalyzed processes in the stratosphere that are essential in ozone destruction. [more]

Quantum control of ultracold ion-atom collisions

Hybrid systems of laser-cooled trapped ions and ultracold atoms combined in a single experimental setup have recently emerged as a new platform for fundamental research in quantum physics and chemistry [1]. Reaching the ultracold s-wave quantum regime has been one of the most critical challenges in this field for a long time. Unfortunately, the lowest attainable temperatures in experiments using the Paul ion trap are limited by the possible rf-field-induced heating related to the micromotion. [more]

Operando SXRD/XAS studies of CoOx epitaxial thin films for OER electrocatalysis

Cobalt oxides are among the best earth abundant catalysts for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) in alkaline and neutral electrolytes. We have undertaken operando studies of two dimensional epitaxial cobalt oxide films [1-2] to gain insights into some questions that remain in debate. [more]

Understanding the Birth of the Catalyst during Pyrolysis Using Synchrotron X-rays

Transition metal-nitrogen-carbon materials (M-N-C catalysts) are promising electrocatalysts in electrochemical applications. High temperature treatment in inert environment (pyrolysis) is the most common method for the synthesis of M-N-C catalysts and critical to achieve high electrocatalyst activity and electronic conductivity. [more]

New Generation of Atomically Dispersed Electrocatalysts

Platinum Group Metal-free (PGM-free) catalysts have been extensively developed for both Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) and Alkaline Exchange Membrane (AEM) fuel cells aiming automotive, stationary and portable applications. In this lecture we will address the critical challenges that our team has faced on the way to practical application of such catalysts. [more]
Fluxionality, or the presence of and interconversion between multiple possible energetic configurations, is vital for understanding a catalyst as it operates under actual reaction conditions. [more]

Chemical challenges facing scalable hydrogen production with alkaline membrane electrolyzers

Commercialized membrane electrolyzers use acidic proton exchange membranes (PEMs). These systems offer high performance but require the use of expensive precious-metal catalysts such as IrO2 and Pt that are nominally stable under the locally acidic conditions of the ionomer. [more]

Dynamic catalytic interfaces: ensembles of metastable states break the rules of catalysis

I will show that dynamic catalytic interfaces exhibit great structural fluxionality in conditions of catalysis, and populate many distinct structural and stoichiometric states, which form a statistical ensemble. [more]
Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) is often considered the best way to experimentally determine the ground-state electronic structure of materials. However, although applying ARPES to short-lived excited states via the pump/probe method (tr-ARPES) demands orders of magnitude more data than ground-state ARPES studies, measurements have been forced to work with orders of magnitude lower data rates due to the limits imposed by the repetition rate of available short-pulse extreme-ultraviolet (XUV) light sources and the collection efficiency of photoelectron analyzers. [more]

Quantum sensor networks as exotic field telescopes for multi-messenger astronomy

Multi-messenger astronomy, the coordinated observation of different classes of signals originating from the same astrophysical event, provides a wealth of information about astrophysical processes with far-reaching implications. [more]

Establishing a New Canadian IR-FEL Program of Research

The Canadian research community is planning to create a new national program for IR-FEL-based research. [more]
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