Host: Interface Science Department

Operando SXRD/XAS studies of CoOx epitaxial thin films for OER electrocatalysis

Cobalt oxides are among the best earth abundant catalysts for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) in alkaline and neutral electrolytes. We have undertaken operando studies of two dimensional epitaxial cobalt oxide films [1-2] to gain insights into some questions that remain in debate. [more]

Understanding the Birth of the Catalyst during Pyrolysis Using Synchrotron X-rays

Transition metal-nitrogen-carbon materials (M-N-C catalysts) are promising electrocatalysts in electrochemical applications. High temperature treatment in inert environment (pyrolysis) is the most common method for the synthesis of M-N-C catalysts and critical to achieve high electrocatalyst activity and electronic conductivity. [more]

New Generation of Atomically Dispersed Electrocatalysts

Platinum Group Metal-free (PGM-free) catalysts have been extensively developed for both Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) and Alkaline Exchange Membrane (AEM) fuel cells aiming automotive, stationary and portable applications. In this lecture we will address the critical challenges that our team has faced on the way to practical application of such catalysts. [more]
Fluxionality, or the presence of and interconversion between multiple possible energetic configurations, is vital for understanding a catalyst as it operates under actual reaction conditions. [more]

Chemical challenges facing scalable hydrogen production with alkaline membrane electrolyzers

Commercialized membrane electrolyzers use acidic proton exchange membranes (PEMs). These systems offer high performance but require the use of expensive precious-metal catalysts such as IrO2 and Pt that are nominally stable under the locally acidic conditions of the ionomer. [more]

Dynamic catalytic interfaces: ensembles of metastable states break the rules of catalysis

I will show that dynamic catalytic interfaces exhibit great structural fluxionality in conditions of catalysis, and populate many distinct structural and stoichiometric states, which form a statistical ensemble. [more]
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