Homogeneous Bose gases driven far from thermal equilibrium

  • MP Department Seminar
  • Date: Jun 7, 2024
  • Time: 09:30 AM - 10:30 AM (Local Time Germany)
  • Speaker: Christopher Ho
  • Clare College, University of Cambridge, see https://www.clare.cam.ac.uk/about/people/master-and-fellowship/college-research-associates/christopher-ho
  • Location: Haber Villa
  • Room: Seminar Room
  • Host: Department of Molecular Physics
  • Contact: sidwright@fhi-berlin.mpg.de
 Homogeneous Bose gases driven far from thermal equilibrium

Far-from-equilibrium systems are ubiquitous in nature, such as in glasses, active matter, and turbulence, but are still poorly understood when compared to the unifying description of thermodynamics for systems in thermal equilibrium. In this talk, I will present two different types of far-from-equilibrium phenomena realised by periodically driving a box-trapped, quasi-homogeneous Bose gas. First, by driving the ideal gas in the presence of disorder, the system shows subdiffusive dynamic scaling in the evolution of its momentum distribution and sublinear energy growth [1]. We show that this behaviour can be naturally understood as a random walk in energy space, and the resulting nonthermal momentum distribution is well-described by a compressed exponential [2]. Second, in the presence of interparticle interactions, the system features a turbulent cascade with a power-law momentum distribution, and its energy grows linearly until the dissipation scale, set by the trap depth, is reached [3, 4]. Thereafter, the system remains in a steady but nonthermal state. Finally, by varying the interparticle interaction strength, the system behaviour is shown to smoothly cross between these two phenomena [1], raising the possibility of systematically studying the interplay of drive, interactions, and disorder in far-from-equilibrium systems.

[1] G. Martirosyan, C. J. Ho, J. Etrych, Y. Zhang, A. Cao, Z. Hadzibabic and C. Eigen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 132, 113401 (2024)

[2] Y. Zhang, G. Martirosyan, C. J. Ho, J. Etrych, C. Eigen and Z. Hadzibabic, C. R. Phys. 24, 1 (2023)

[3] N. Navon, A. L. Gaunt, R. P. Smith and Z. Hadzibabic, Nature 539, 72 (2016)

[4] N. Navon, C. Eigen, J. Zhang, R. Lopes, A. L. Gaunt, K. Fujimoto, M. Tsubota, R. P. Smith and Z. Hadzibabic, Science 366, 382 (2019)

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